PAD-Peripheral Artery Disease Maryland

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What is PAD? Peripheral artery disease is a common venous condition that can cause uncomfortable symptoms. Here’s what you need to know about peripheral arterial disease and how its diagnosed and treated.


Peripheral artery disease is a common condition caused by a build up of fatty deposits in the arteries. This causes narrow arteries that restrict blood flow. It commonly affects the legs and sometimes the arms. This can cause leg pain when walking, along with other symptoms.

Symptoms of Peripheral artery disease

The most common symptoms include muscle pain or cramping in the legs. This mild to severe pain commonly occurs in the calf. Other symptoms include:

Causes of PAD peripheral artery disease

Peripheral arterial disease is most often caused by a buildup of fatty, cholesterol containing deposits on the artery walls. Also known as atherosclerosis, this reduces blood flow. While atherosclerosis affects arteries in the entire body, when it occurs in the limbs, it causes peripheral artery disease.

Other less common causes of peripheral artery disease include:

  • Radiation exposure
  • Blood vessel inflammation
  • Injury to the arms or legs
  • Changes in the muscles or ligaments

Treatment for Peripheral Artery Disease Maryland

There are two main goals of treatment for PAD. First, is to manage symptoms like leg pain, so exercise and daily activities aren’t uncomfortable. Secondly, to improve artery health and reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Treatment for peripheral artery disease includes lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication. Lifestyle chances improve symptoms, especially early in the course of PAD. Medications can also help. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary. This includes treatments like angioplasty and stent placement, bypass surgery, and thrombolytic therapy.

Specialist for Peripheral Artery Disease Maryland

If you are concerned that you may have PAD, or you have been diagnosed with PAD and want to seek treatment from a specialist, please contact the Vein Center of Maryland today to schedule a consultation.